Ancient neolithic DNA from China

User avatar
Posts: 96
Joined: Wed Mar 14, 2012 5:39 pm

YDNA:
N1c1-L1022
MtDNA:
T2b7a1
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 12:50 am
Hello,

Does anyone have access to this article 中国北方古代人群Y染色体遗传多样性研究 (published sep 2012), if so could you kindly PM me a copy as it looks highly interesting.

Google garbled abstract:

13 archaeological sites in northern China - river cemetery in Xinjiang Hami Tianshan Road cemetery, the Barkol the black Gouliang cemetery, the Ning Xia Pengyang cemetery, Xining, Qinghai Tao Wangjiazai cemetery and, of Shanxi Jiangxian cross Kitamura cemetery, Hebei Yuxian three related cemetery Temple Bedding ruins, Niuheliang ruins Sahara Trench cemetery, DADIANZI site large piedmont sites, Jinggou sub cemetery successfully extracted a total of 119 cases of Y-DNA results (Northeast western Liaoning Province 44 cases, the Northwest 46 cases, North China 29 cases in the region). Detected haplogroup N accounted for 40.4% of O accounted for 28.6%, Q accounted for 16.3%, R accounting for 8.1% C 7.6%.

Posts: 2444
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 8:13 am
Ancient population of northern China Y chromosome genetic diversity
SOUTH -
Abstract: China North East Asia connecting hub of civilization in North Asia, Central Asia and even Europe, it is a vast diversity of the natural ecological environment, suitable for farming, nomadic, hunting and fishing and other economic lifestyle coexist, since ancient times is fertile ground for human life, many ancient ethnic groups in here thrive and leave a valuable intangible cultural heritage. Ancient ancestors of the region but also a number of occasions by force to seize power, large-scale war had thrown the history of the North China southward to accelerate China Southern, northern populations gene fusion. Part of the ancient nation even Expeditionary Europe, its descendants across the country to play a role in promoting the exchange of population of the entire Eurasian continent. These events northern populations occupy an important position in the history of human migration. Therefore, this region of the ancient population genetics research for the original genetic retrospective of the Chinese nation, and speculated Eurasia population migration, fusion mode has great significance. This study of 13 archaeological sites in northern China - Xinjiang river cemetery, Hami Tianshan Road cemetery, Barkol the black Gouliang cemetery, the Ning Xia Pengyang cemetery, Xining Tao Wangjiazai cemetery, of Shanxi Jiangxian cross Kitamura cemetery, Hebei Yuxian three hurdles cemetery, Temple Zaigou site Niuheliang site, Sahara Trench cemetery, DADIANZI site, large piedmont ruins, wells ditch sub cemetery - human remains unearthed parent molecular genetics research, summed up the various ancient population Y chromosome haplotype groups paternal genetic diversity of the distribution rules and characteristics, combined with related ancient the modern crowd molecular genetics data reveal ancient population of the different regions of northern China, to explore the genetic makeup of the different periods of the ancient population dynamic process, in order to clarify the north fusion between ethnic origin, flow and crowd differentiation provides evidence of molecular genetics. The results are as follows: First, five archaeological site northeast western Liaoning Province 78 males unearthed ancient human remains of 44 cases of samples Y-DNA results are attributed to the C, N and O three single haplotype groups. Haplogroup N in western Liaoning Province the ancient population for a long, extensive presence, and account for a large proportion, dated to 5500-3000 years ago, is the most important ingredient in the genetic composition of the area of the ancient population paternal; based on single frequency of the haplotype groups O ancient population of western Liaoning Province and their cultural attributes and lifestyle of the crowd, and the combination of the relevant ancient population Y-SNP findings, we speculate that the haplogroup O northward by the Central Plains, emigrated to the the ancient agricultural population of western Liaoning Province carried haplogroup. The emergence of haplogroup C may be related to the nomads of the south of the North Asia. These data suggest that paternal genetic structure of the indigenous populations of the western Liaoning Province while maintaining continuity, integration into the ancient Central Plains and North Asian populations paternal genetic component. , From 64 cases of the Northwest men of ancient human remains successful Y-DNA results of 46 cases of samples, attributable to four single haplotype N, O, Q and R groups. Paternal genetic make-up of the ancient population of the Northwest Territories has obvious geographical specificity, for example, the westernmost Creek crowd as the main western lineage of R1a1 haplogroup and R1b1b2a1a; the adjoining Inner Mongolia Pengyang crowd all individuals can be attributed to a single type groups Q, North Asian populations in the high-frequency haplogroup; while the the approaching the Central Plains Dow Wangjiazai crowd of paternal Y-DNA to the East Asian haplogroup O, similar to the modern Han population. Comprehensive analysis of the ancient population of the Northwest Territories paternal genetic structure, in the paternal genetic form of the ancient population of the Northwest Territories there are significantly different, the reason for these different genetic data obtained speculated, is mainly due to the different groups of people have different paternal origin, everyone group accepted by the ancestors of the crowd gene contribution is different, and the from Sire terms, fewer exchanges between people own unique genetic component, so that it is preserved. Third, the success obtained from ancient human remains of the 48 cases in North China's male Y-DNA results of 29 cases of samples, attributable to the N, O and Q three single haplotype groups. The largest proportion of haplogroup O, diversity highest in two archaeological sites of the ancient Central Plains region of North China have been found; the haplogroup Q high frequency existence of Shanxi was the ancient nomads " Di "active area; haplogroup N appears that there may be the exchange of genes between populations in the Central Plains and western Liaoning Province. Comprehensive analysis of the Y-DNA of the various regions of the ancient population study results, northwest and northeast regions of the ancient population of most East Asian specific single haplotype groups can be found in the ancient population of the Central Plains, Ancient crowd paternal genetic diversity high. Central Plains region, since the Shang and Zhou dynasties is the Huaxia their descendants Han settlements, so the characteristics of the ancient population genetic structure in the Central Plains region of North China from one side of corroboration ancestors of the Han - Huaxia the Source is diverse rather than a single the integration of the different sources of the ancient population genetic component in the process of its formation. Based on the above analysis of the results, the paternal genetic structure of the ancient population in northern China in different regions have different distribution patterns: Northeast western Liaoning Province, while maintaining continuity in the of indigenous populations paternal genetic, you can see that the foreign genetic component exists in the population of the region, the foreign genetic component is likely to come from the Central Plains and North Asia and other regions. About 3000-2500 years ago, and the increasing trend of foreign genetic component. Northwest Territories of paternal inheritance there are significant differences between different geographical area of ancient population. 5 northwest of the ancient population of this study, Y chromosome genetic data, the reasons for these differences may be due to different populations have different sources of paternal and less genetic exchange between different populations, so that the the inherent genetic structure is maintained; in North China, the the patrilineal genetic structure is located in the ancient Central Plains region of the ancient population with modern Han closest, the modern Han paternal genes contributors.
Key words: northern China, ancient DNA Y-SNP Y-STR haplogroup
[Degree-granting units: Jilin University
【Degree Level: PhD
[Degree-granting Year: 2012
【Key Words】: Q987
[Contents]:
· Summary 4-7
· Abstract 7-13
· Chapter 1 Introduction 13-25
· 1.1 in northern China ethnic history 13-14
· 1.2 modern molecular genetics research on the origins and migrations of the population 14-19
· 1.2.1 mitochondrial DNA studies 15-16
· 1.2.2 Y-chromosome DNA study 16-19
· 1.2.3 modern molecular genetics research progress 19
· 1.3 of ancient DNA research 19-22
· 1.3.1 European populations of ancient DNA research progress 20
· 1.3.2 Inter-American crowd of ancient DNA research progress 20-21
· 1.3.3 the Asian populations ancient DNA research progress 21-22
· 1.4 Li questions based on 22-25
· Chapter 2 Materials and Methods 25-34
· 2.1 sample information 25-26
· 2.2 Experimental Materials 26
· 2.3 Reagent and instrument 26-28
· The 2.4 experimental method 28-32
· 2.4.1 sample processing 28
· 2.4.2 DNA extraction 28-29
· 2.4.3 PCR amplification of 29
· 2.4.4 amplification product was detected 29-30
· 2.4.5 amplification products were purified 30
· 2.4.6 Sequencing 30-31
· 2.4.7 Gender Identification 31-32
· 2.4.8 Pollution Prevention 32
· 2.5 Data Analysis 32-34
· 2.5.1 sequence correction and more than 32
· 2.5.2 shared sequence search 32-33
· 2.5.3 intermediary network analysis 33
· 2.5.4 molecular differences in the degree of analysis 33-34
· Chapter 3, western Liaoning Province of Northeast China molecular genetics of the Y chromosome of the ancient population 34-49
· 3.1 ruins background 36-37
· 3.1.1 Niuheliang ruins 36
· 3.1.2 Sahara Trench ruins 36
· 3.1.3 DADIANZI ruins 36
· 3.1.4 large piedmont sites 36-37
· 3.1.5 Jinggou sub-sites 37
· 3.2 Results and analysis 37-42
· 3.2.1 results verify the authenticity of 37-38
· 3.2.2 Y-chromosome haplogroup identification 38-42
· 3.3 Discussion 42-48
· 3.3.1 northeast of the ancient population in Western Liaoning Province in China paternal inheritance constitutes 42-43
· 3.3.2 Liaoxi region within the ancient population genetics studies 43-44
· 3.3.3 northeast of western Liaoning Province ancient population genetics studies 44-48
· 3.4 Summary 48-49
· Chapter 4 of the ancient population of the Northwest the paternal molecular genetics research 49-65
· 4.1 ruins background 50-52
· 4.1.1 Creek cemetery 50-51
· 4.1.2 Hami Tianshan Road cemetery 51
· The 4.1.3 black Gouliang cemetery 51
· 4.1.4 the Ning Xia Pengyang sample background information 51-52
· 4.1.5 the Qinghai Tao Wangjiazai cemetery 52
· 4.2 Results and analysis 52-57
· 4.2.1 Y-SNP haplogroup is divided 52-53
· 4.2.2 Y-STR test results 53-57
· 4.3 discussion 57-64
· 4.3.1 northwest Xinjiang region paternal genetic structure of each of the ancient population structure 57-63
· 4.3.2 Northwest the Ning Xia Pengyang crowd paternal genetic structure of 63
· 4.3.3 northwest Xining the Tao Wangjiazai crowd paternal genetic structure of 63-64
· 4.4 Summary 64-65
· Chapter 5 of the ancient population of the North China region paternal Y chromosome molecular genetics analysis 65-75
· 5.1 ruins background 66-67
· 5.1.1 Temple Bedding ruins 66-67
· 5.1.2 Hebei of Yuxian three related cemetery 67
· 5.1.3 Jiang County, Shanxi cross North cemetery 67
· 5.2 Results and analysis 67-71
· 5.2.1 North China division of the ancient population Y-SNP haplogroup 71
· 5.3 discussion 71-74
· 5.3.1 North China ancient population characteristics paternal inheritance constitutes 71-72
· 5.3.2 Taihang west wings the Yanshan north and south sides of the same period of the ancient population of paternal genetic similarities and differences constitute 72
· 5.3.3 North China Central Plains region of the ancient population genetic contribution to modern Han population 72-74
· Summary 74-75
· Chapter 6 of the north of the ancient population genetic structure evolution mode 75-85
· 6.1 Y-SNP haplotype distribution characteristics of the ancient population in northern China 75-79
· 6.1.1 Single-type N 76-77
· 6.1.2 Single-type O 77
· 6.1.3 Single haplotype Q 77-78
· 6.1.4 Single type C and R 78-79
· 6.2 exchange and integration between the ancient population in northern China 79-81
· 6.2.1 Northeast and North China ancient population gene flow in the paternal inheritance 79-80
· 6.2.2 Northwest of the ancient population of the ancient population of North China, Northeast China paternal genetic gene exchange 80-81
· 6.3 ancient northern crowd with the Northern modern crowd of paternal inheritance similarities and differences 81-83
· 6.4 ancient population in northern China patrilineal, matrilineal genetic structure characterized by 83-85
· References 85-101
· Appendix 101-111
· Studying for a doctorate obtained during the research results 111-113
· Acknowledgements 113

Posts: 623
Joined: Wed Mar 14, 2012 2:16 pm
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 10:42 am
Gioiello wrote:Paternal genetic make-up of the ancient population of the Northwest Territories has obvious geographical specificity, for example, the westernmost Creek crowd as the main western lineage of R1a1 haplogroup and R1b1b2a1a;

This is particularly interesting to some of us. By R1b1b2a1a they almost certainly mean R1b-L51.

Posts: 2444
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 1:22 pm
lgmayka wrote:
Gioiello wrote:Paternal genetic make-up of the ancient population of the Northwest Territories has obvious geographical specificity, for example, the westernmost Creek crowd as the main western lineage of R1a1 haplogroup and R1b1b2a1a;

This is particularly interesting to some of us. By R1b1b2a1a they almost certainly mean R1b-L51.


But this is astonishingly: we all did think that R-L51 was born in Italy. Then the Polish R-L51 came from East and not from South Europe!

Posts: 2444
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 1:38 pm
Perhaps it would be useful to read again the original:

中国北方古代人群Y染色体遗传多样性研究
李红杰
【摘要】:中国北方是东亚地区连接北亚、 中亚乃至欧洲文明的枢纽地带,它幅员辽阔,自然生态环境多种多样,适合于农耕、游牧、渔猎等多种经济生活方式共存,自古以来就是人类生活的沃土,众多古代 族群曾在这里繁衍生息并留下了宝贵的物质文化遗产。该地区的古代先民还先后多次武力夺取政权,大范围的战乱曾在历史上引发北民南移,加速了中国南、北方人 群的基因融合。部分古代民族甚至远征欧洲,使其后裔遍布各地,对整个欧亚大陆的人群交流起到促进作用。这些事件使北方人群在人类的迁徙史中占据重要地位。 因此,这一地区古代人群的遗传学研究对于追溯华夏民族的原始遗传构成,推测欧亚大陆人群迁徙、融合的具体模式具有重要意义。本研究通过对中国北方13个考 古遗址—新疆小河墓地、哈密天山北路墓地、巴里坤黑沟梁墓地、宁夏彭阳墓地、青海西宁陶家寨墓地、山西绛县横北村墓地、河北蔚县三关墓地、庙子沟遗址、牛 河梁遗址、哈拉海沟墓地、大甸子遗址、大山前遗址、井沟子墓地—出土的人类遗骸进行父系分子遗传学研究,总结出各古代人群Y染色体单倍型类群的分布规律和 特点,并结合相关古代、现代人群的分子遗传学数据,揭示中国北方不同区域古代人群的父系遗传多样性,探讨不同时期古代人群遗传构成的动态变化过程,为阐明 北方族群起源、流向及人群间融合分化等问题提供分子遗传学证据。所得结果如下: 第一、对东北辽西地区5个考古遗址出土的78例男性古代人类遗骸中获得44例样本的Y-DNA结果,分别归属于C、N和O三种单倍型类群。其中单倍型类群 N在辽西地区古代人群中长期、广泛的存在,并且占有较大的比例,在距今5500-3000年前,是该地区古代人群父系遗传构成中最主要的成分;根据单倍型 类群O在辽西地区古代人群中出现的频率及其所在人群的文化属性与生活方式,并结合相关古代人群的Y-SNP研究结果,我们推测单倍型类群O可能是由中原地 区北上,移居到辽西地区的古代农业人群所携带的单倍型类群。而单倍型类群C的出现则可能与南下的北亚的游牧民族有关。以上数据表明辽西地区土著人群的父系 遗传结构在保持连续性的同时,融入了古代中原及北亚人群的父系基因成分。 第二、从64例西北地区男性古代人类遗骸中成功获得46例样本的Y-DNA结果,归属于N、O、Q和R四个单倍型类群。西北地区古代人群的父系遗传构成具 有明显的地域特异性,例如最西端的小河人群以西部谱系中的R1a1为主体单倍型类群;毗邻内蒙古地区的彭阳人群中所有个体均可归属于单倍型类群Q,是北亚 人群中高频存在的单倍型类群;而临近中原地区的陶家寨人群的父系Y-DNA以东亚单倍型类群O为主,与现代汉族人群相似。综合分析西北地区古代人群的父系 遗传结构可知,西北地区各古代人群的父系遗传构成存在显著不同,根据所得遗传学数据推测之所以产生这些不同,主要是由于不同人群有着不同的父系起源,每个 人群所接受的祖先人群的基因贡献是不同的,并且从父系方面来看,人群间的交流较少,从而使其自身独特的基因成分得以保留。 第三、成功从48例华北地区的男性古代人类遗骸中获得29例样本的Y-DNA结果,归属于N、O和Q三种单倍型类群。其中单倍型类群O所占的比重最大,多 样性最高,并在华北古代中原地区的两个考古遗址中均有发现;单倍型类群Q高频存在可能是由于山西曾是古代游牧民族“狄人”主要的活动区域;单倍型类群N出 现表明中原与辽西地区可能存在人群间的基因交流。综合分析各地区古代人群的Y-DNA研究结果可知,西北与东北地区古代人群中所包含的大多数东亚特异单倍 型类群均能在中原地区古代人群中发现,即中原古代人群的父系遗传多样性较高。而中原地区,自商周时期起就是华夏族及其后裔汉族的聚居地,因此华北中原地区 古代人群遗传结构的特点从一侧面佐证了汉族的祖先——华夏族的来源是多样的而非单一的,在其形成过程中融合了不同来源的古代人群的基因成分。 基于以上分析结果可知,中国北方古代人群的父系遗传结构在不同地域具有不同的分布模式:东北辽西地区,在土著人群的父系遗传构成保持连续性的同时,可以看 到有外来的基因成分存在于这一地区的人群中,这些外来的基因成分可能来自中原及北亚等地区。并且,在距今3000-2500年左右,外来的基因成分有增加 的趋势。西北地区,不同地域范围内的各古代人群间父系遗传构成存在明显的差别。从本研究5个西北古代人群的Y染色体遗传数据来看,产生这些差别的原因可能 是由于不同人群有着不同的父系来源,并且不同人群间基因交流较少,从而使得自身固有遗传结构得以保持;华北地区,位于古代中原地区的古代人群的父系遗传结 构与现代汉族最为接近,表明其可能是现代汉族主要的父系基因贡献者。
【关键词】:古DNA Y-SNP Y-STR 中国北方 单倍型类群
【学位授予单位】:吉林大学
【学位级别】:博士
【学位授予年份】:2012
【分类号】:Q987
【目录】:
· 摘要4-7
· Abstract7-13
· 第1章 绪论13-25
· 1.1 中国北方族群的历史13-14
· 1.2 现代分子遗传学对人群起源与迁徙的研究14-19
· 1.2.1 线粒体 DNA 研究15-16
· 1.2.2 Y-染色体 DNA 研究16-19
· 1.2.3 现代分子遗传学研究进展19
· 1.3 古 DNA 研究19-22
· 1.3.1 欧洲人群古 DNA 研究进展20
· 1.3.2 美洲人群古 DNA 研究进展20-21
· 1.3.3 亚洲人群古 DNA 研究进展21-22
· 1.4 立题依据22-25
· 第2章 材料与方法25-34
· 2.1 样本信息25-26
· 2.2 实验材料26
· 2.3 试剂与仪器26-28
· 2.4 实验方法28-32
· 2.4.1 样本处理28
· 2.4.2 DNA 抽提28-29
· 2.4.3 PCR 扩增29
· 2.4.4 扩增产物检测29-30
· 2.4.5 扩增产物纯化30
· 2.4.6 测序30-31
· 2.4.7 性别鉴定31-32
· 2.4.8 污染防止32
· 2.5 数据分析32-34
· 2.5.1 序列校正与比对32
· 2.5.2 共享序列搜索32-33
· 2.5.3 中介网络分析33
· 2.5.4 分子差异度分析33-34
· 第3章 中国东北辽西地区古代人群 Y 染色体分子遗传学研究34-49
· 3.1 遗址背景36-37
· 3.1.1 牛河梁遗址36
· 3.1.2 哈拉海沟遗址36
· 3.1.3 大甸子遗址36
· 3.1.4 大山前遗址36-37
· 3.1.5 井沟子遗址37
· 3.2 结果与分析37-42
· 3.2.1 结果真实性验证37-38
· 3.2.2 Y-染色体单倍型类群的鉴定38-42
· 3.3 讨论42-48
· 3.3.1 中国东北辽西地区古代人群的父系遗传构成42-43
· 3.3.2 辽西地区各古代人群内部的遗传学研究43-44
· 3.3.3 东北辽西地区各古代人群间的遗传学研究44-48
· 3.4 小结48-49
· 第4章 西北地区古代人群父系分子遗传学研究49-65
· 4.1 遗址背景50-52
· 4.1.1 小河墓地50-51
· 4.1.2 哈密天山北路墓地51
· 4.1.3 黑沟梁墓地51
· 4.1.4 宁夏彭阳样本背景信息51-52
· 4.1.5 青海陶家寨墓地52
· 4.2 结果与分析52-57
· 4.2.1 Y-SNP 单倍型类群划分52-53
· 4.2.2 Y-STR 检测结果53-57
· 4.3 讨论57-64
· 4.3.1 西北新疆地区各古代人群父系遗传构结构57-63
· 4.3.2 西北宁夏彭阳人群父系遗传结构研究63
· 4.3.3 西北西宁陶家寨人群父系遗传结构研究63-64
· 4.4 小结64-65
· 第5章 华北地区古代人群父系 Y 染色体分子遗传学分析65-75
· 5.1 遗址背景66-67
· 5.1.1 庙子沟遗址66-67
· 5.1.2 河北蔚县三关墓地67
· 5.1.3 山西绛县横北墓地67
· 5.2 结果与分析67-71
· 5.2.1 华北地区古代人群 Y-SNP 单倍型类群的划分71
· 5.3 讨论71-74
· 5.3.1 华北地区古代人群的父系遗传构成的特点71-72
· 5.3.2 太行山东西两翼及燕山南北两侧同一时期古代人群父系遗传构成的异同72
· 5.3.3 华北中原地区古代人群对现代汉族人群的基因贡献72-74
· 小结74-75
· 第6章 北方古代人群遗传结构的演化模式75-85
· 6.1 Y-SNP 单倍型在中国北方古代人群中的分布特点75-79
· 6.1.1 单倍型 N76-77
· 6.1.2 单倍型 O77
· 6.1.3 单倍型 Q77-78
· 6.1.4 单倍型 C 和 R78-79
· 6.2 中国北方古代人群间的交流与融合79-81
· 6.2.1 东北与华北地区古代人群在父系遗传方面的基因交流79-80
· 6.2.2 西北地区古代人群与华北、东北地区古代人群父系遗传方面的基因交流80-81
· 6.3 北方古代人群与北方现代人群间父系遗传构成的异同81-83
· 6.4 中国北方古代人群父系、母系遗传结构的特点83-85
· 参考文献85-101
· 附录101-111
· 攻读博士学位期间获得的科研成果111-113
· 致谢113
·

Posts: 623
Joined: Wed Mar 14, 2012 2:16 pm
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 3:22 pm
Gioiello wrote:But this is astonishingly: we all did think that R-L51 was born in Italy. Then the Polish R-L51 came from East and not from South Europe!

Where did you get the translation that mentions R1b1b2a1a? It is not in any version that I can find.

Posts: 2444
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 3:28 pm
lgmayka wrote:Where did you get the translation that mentions R1b1b2a1a? It is not in any version that I can find.


Of course.

Posts: 2444
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 3:47 pm
Technically it is an interpolation, like when the “poor” of the Ebionites’ Gospel became the “poor in spirit”.
This very important thesis demonstrates that from 5000 years ago in Western China there was R1a1… but no R1b. Then, probably, Eastern Europe should be excluded like place of origin. Someone is believing in Middle East yet. We will see.

Posts: 623
Joined: Wed Mar 14, 2012 2:16 pm
PostPosted: Sun Jan 06, 2013 11:18 pm
Someone who reads Chinese fluently says that "Creek" in the translation is actually Xiaohe ("Little River"). The tomb complex there holds at least a portion of what we Westerners commonly call "the Tarim mummies."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiaohe_Tomb_complex

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarim_mumm ... etic_links
---
However, In 2009, the remains of individuals found at a site in Xiaohe were analyzed for Y-DNA and mtDNA markers. They suggest that an admixed population of both west and east origin lived in the Tarim basin since the early Bronze Age. The maternal lineages were predominantly East Eurasian haplogroup C with smaller numbers of H and K, while the paternal lines were all West Eurasian R1a1a.
---

The fluent Chinese reader further points to this paper specifically on the Xiaohe DNA:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2838831/
---
In this paper, we present data from the analyses of both Y chromosomal and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) derived from human remains excavated from the Xiaohe cemetery, the oldest archeological site with human remains discovered in the Tarim Basin thus far.

Mitochondrial DNA analysis showed that the Xiaohe people carried both the East Eurasian haplogroup (C) and the West Eurasian haplogroups (H and K), whereas Y chromosomal DNA analysis revealed only the West Eurasian haplogroup R1a1a in the male individuals.
---
User avatar
Posts: 96
Joined: Wed Mar 14, 2012 5:39 pm

YDNA:
N1c1-L1022
MtDNA:
T2b7a1
PostPosted: Mon Jan 07, 2013 1:06 am
lgmayka wrote:Someone who reads Chinese fluently says that "Creek" in the translation is actually Xiaohe ("Little River"). The tomb complex there holds at least a portion of what we Westerners commonly call "the Tarim mummies."


Yes, it makes sense that ancient dna from the Tarim mummies would be included in a survey like this. Xinjiang is also mentioned in the table of content.

The fluent Chinese reader further points to this paper specifically on the Xiaohe DNA:
---


I think this is a site where the study can be downloaded, maybe your Chinese friend could have a look at it as I no comprende.
Next

Return to Ancient DNA: Articles library

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest