Howard's discoveries

Any discussions regarding y-DNA markers, results or questions.

Posts: 2443
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Sat Sep 06, 2014 2:06 pm
"Very little attention seems to have been devoted to missing mutations. Primarily mutations will be missing when a given DYS site changes by one in either direction and then changes back. When that happens we have no indication that a mutation has ever occurred" (From Rootsweb, 9.6.14).

I am saying this from many years, to peoples who seemed not understanding me: see Walsh for they all.
But about this principle I founded my golden ones:
1) mutations happen around the modal
2) there is a convergence to the modal as time passes
3) sometime a mutation goes for the tangent
4) there are sometime multistep mutations
We have seen from many years, at least when the first aDNA was published from Mesolithic Europe, that the usual MR that everyone used then had to be multiplied for at least a 2.5 factor.

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