Was Leonardo da Vinci's mother R0a2k?


Posts: 2329
Joined: Sun Mar 18, 2012 7:08 am
Location: Pisa (Italy)
YDNA:
R- Z2110 (KV7Y2)
MtDNA:
K1a1b1e/HQ176413
PostPosted: Fri Apr 15, 2016 11:21 am
Yesterday night, at the Teatro of Vinci, there has been the conference of Vezzosi and Sabato about the pedigree and the alive descendants of Leonardo da Vinci. Apart a male named Vinci, who has been individuated as a male descendant of the da Vinci family (and I contacted for a preliminar Y37 at www.yseq.net for ascertaining with at least another test on a male of the family) the most relevant news to me has been that about the hypotheses on the origin of Leonardo's mother, who has been supposed from the same Vezzosi to be a slave of Middle Eastern or Eastern European origin.
These are the hypotheses done so far about that, even though the same Vezzosi said not demonstrated, because the certificate of the manumission from slavery of this Caterina hasn't been found so far:
"Da Vinci's mother was a slave, Italian study claims
Saturday 12 April 2008 00.17 BST Last modified on Saturday 9 January 2016 00.52 GMT
The seemingly far-fetched theory that Leonardo da Vinci was of Arab descent has been given new backing in a study, published this week, that suggests his mother was a slave.
It is known that Da Vinci's parents were not married and that his father was a Florentine notary, Ser Piero. In a tax record dating from 1457, five years after the Italian polymath's birth, his mother is described as one Caterina, who by then was married to a man from the Tuscan town of Vinci. It was assumed she was a local woman. But, according to Francesco Cianchi, the author of the study, "There is no Caterina in Vinci or nearby villages who can be linked to Ser Piero. The only Caterina in Piero's life seems to be a slave girl who lived in the house of his wealthy friend, Vanni di Niccolo di Ser Vann."
In his will, the Florentine banker left Caterina to his wife. But on his death in 1451, his house went to his friend and executor, Ser Piero.
The fact that the banker's widow continued to live in the house, soon hiring a new servant, forms the basis for the theory that Ser Piero allowed her to stay in return for freeing Caterina. The slave woman disappears from the Florence records thereafter.
On April 15 1452, Da Vinci was born in Vinci. A few months later, his mother married one Acchattabriga di Piero del Vaccha.
The study casts light on slavery in Renaissance Italy. At the research's launch, Alessandro Vezzosi, a Da Vinci scholar and founder of the Museo Ideale at Vinci, said: "A lot of well-to-do and prominent families bought women from eastern Europe and the Middle East. The young girls were then baptised. The most common names were Maria, Marta - and Caterina."
Last year, a study by an Italian academic of a fingerprint left by Da Vinci found that it included a configuration normally only found among Arabs.
Leonardo da Vinci Facts: Mother Caterina
April 23, 2015April 25, 2015 admin Famous Artists
Reconstruction of Leonardo’s fingerprint gave some clues about his possible ethnicity, according to controversial Italian research. Dermatoglyphics, science that studies skin patterns through computer analysis of data, claims to have found connection between fingerprint patterns and population ethnicity.
So, based on reconstructed fingerprint of Leonardo da Vinci, researchers made a conclusion that he was of Middle Eastern descent. “The fingerprint features patterns such as the central whorl that are dominant in the Middle East.
About 60 percent of the Middle Eastern population display the same dermatoglyphic structure,” according to the anthropologist Luigi Capasso. This gives new evidence to the theory of Alessandro Vezzosi that Leonardo’s mother was not a peasant from Vinci but a slave girl brought to Tuscany from Middle East.
This was quite wide-spread in Italy that slaves, brought from Middle East, Eastern Europe and Balkans, were used in wealthy homes to perform all kinds of duties. An existence of 550 slaves has been documented in Florence at the time of Leonardo’s birth. Alessandro Vezzosi, the director of Museo Ideale Leonardo Da Vinci in the artist’s home town of Vinci in Tuscany, discovered some papers showing that at the time of Leonardo’s birth his father was a craftsman, Ser Piero Da Vinci, and his mother was a female slave known as Caterina.
It was a common practice to baptize slave girls, giving them names like Maria, Caterina, and Marta. The only Caterina that was inside Ser Piero’s circle was a slave in the house of his wealthy friend Vanni di Niccolo di Ser Vanni, whose hand-written will was recently discovered in the archives. It looks like after his death Vanni left his house in Florence to Ser Piero and his slave Caterina to his late wife Agnola. It seems that logically the inheritance should have been switched between two of them. Ser Piero then negotiated freedom for Caterina in exchange for allowing Vanni’s widow Agnola stay in the house and did not take possession of the property until her death.
Caterina was quickly married off to Acchattabriga di Piero del Vaccha da Vinci, I’m guessing, against her will as his name in Italian means “quick to start a quarrel.” There are some theories and speculations that later in life, when Caterina was in her sixties, Leonardo stayed in touch with his mother and she even moved to Milan to be closer to her son. They are based on some encrypted clues found in da Vinci manuscripts called Codex Atlanticus and Codex Forster II. And then there is Mona Lisa that was often called Leonardo’s self-portrait as the features from the two line up eerily perfectly. It is the only painting that he carried with him all his life which wouldn’t be the case with a commissioned portrait.
Could it be the depiction of Caterina?
We probably would never know for sure. Though scientists claimed that they have collected some saliva and traces of food from manuscripts as Leonardo had a habit of eating late at night while working on his notes. So, what’s next? A complete DNA mapping or clones of Renaissance genius?" (John Hooper)
But the news more interesting to me has been that one of the daugthers of Caterina and his husband lived in Santa Maria a Monte (Pisa) and perhaps had descent there.
By chance one of the few persons who gave his DNA for a test firstly with SMGF was the husband of a cousin of mine who comes just from Santa Maria a Monte. I was surprised from his data, not only the Y, resulted R-M269*, but above all from the mt, resulted R0a2. This haplogroup is supposed coming from Middle East, even though present in Italy and with haplotypes very different from the Middle Eastern ones, so that I wrote a lot about a possible origin in Italian or European palaeolitic, that also FTDNA seemed to share in the past. Beyond the SMGF tests (i.e. Y43 and HVRI and II), I used for this relative of mine a Geno 2.0 kit I had bought and I didn't use for me after having had Chromo2, which gave me all the responses I needed then.
Even though the test is bad for many aspects, it gave to my relative the first documented PF7566 and PF7569 beyond PF7558, PF7562 and PF7563. Now we know it belongs to the Sardinian cluster of R-M269 as the tree of Sergey Malyshev in the "R1b-M269 (P312- U106-) DNA project" documents.
The help of Geno 2.0 on the mt is a little, just for the few SNPs tested and the no indiction of the strand of reading, anyway the sample is close to the R0ak found from Achilli et al.:
JF717355(Italy) Achilli Haplogroup [R0a2] 14-SEP-2011
60.1T C64T A263G 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G T3847C A4769G C7028T A8860G T12295C C13188T A13651G C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C A16230G T16362C A16497G
This is the haplotree:
CRS A263G A750G A1438G A2706G A4769G C7028T A8860G C14766T A15326G
R0a'b T58C C64T T2442C T16362C
R0a T3847C C13188T T16126C
60.1T
R0a2'3 T15674C
R0a2 A2355G
R0a2k T12295C
100.JF717355(Italy) Achilli R0a2k 14-SEP-2011
60.1T C64T A263G 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G T3847C A4769G C7028T A8860G T12295C C13188T A13651G C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C A16230G T16362C A16497G
R0a2k1 G3531A T3644C G3918A T5557C A10398G C16114T T16325C
101.HM185253(Yemen)Cerny R0a2k1 31-JUL-2010
T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2619G A2706G G3531A T3644C T3847C G3918A A4769G T5557C C7028T A8860G A10398G G11453A T12295C C13188T T14634C C14766T A15326G T15674C C16114T T16126C T16325C T16362C T16519C
102.HM185254(Yemen)Cerny R0a2k1 31-JUL-2010
T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 309.2C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G G3531A T3644C T3847C G3918A A4769G T5557C C7028T A8860G A10398G T12295C C13188T C14766T A15326G T15674C C16114T T16126C T16325C T16362C T16519C
-------------------------------
The samples of R0a2 found in Italy from Achilli
10. JF717356(Italy) Achilli R0a2 14-SEP-2011 T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G A3447G T3847C A4769G C7028T A8860G G11914A C13188T C14766T A15326G C15626T T15674C T16126C C16266T T16362C
11. JF717357(Italy) Achilli R0a2 14-SEP-2011 T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G A3447G T3847C A4769G C7028T A8860G G11914A C13188T C14766T A15326G C15626T T15674C T16126C C16266T T16362C
12. JF717358(Italy) Achilli R0a2 14-SEP-2011 T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G A3447G T3847C A4769G C7028T A8860G G11914A C13188T C14766T A15326G C15626T T15674C T16126C C16266T T16362C
are linked with Iranian samples more than with Arabian ones:
14. KC911373(Iran) Derenko R0a2 20-NOV-2013 T58C 60.1T C64T A263G 309.1C 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G T3847C A4769G G6249A C7028T A8860G G11914A C13188T C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C C16266T T16362C
but R0a2d has no close link
64. JF717359(Italy) Achilli R0a2d 14-SEP-2011 60.1T C64T T72G A263G 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G G3438A T3847C A4769G T5892C C7028T A8860G C10728T C12717T C13188T A13395G C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C C16184T T16362C
65. JF717360(Italy) Achilli R0a2d 14-SEP-2011 60.1T C64T T72G A263G 315.1C A750G A1438G A2355G T2442C A2706G G3438A T3847C A4769G T5892C C7028T A8860G C10728T C12717T C13188T A13395G C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C C16184T T16362C
and R0a2f too
69. EF660974(Italy) Gasparre (INC) R0a2f 04-JUL-2007 T58C 60.1T C64T T152C A263G 309.1C 315.1C A750G G941A A1438G A1517G A2160T A2355G T2442C A2706G T3847C A4769G C7028T T8063C G8251A A8860G A9336G C13188T C14766T A15326G T15674C T16126C T16189C T16362C
Also these samples of R0a2k are very far from the samples found in Yemen, and FTDNA gives these links in HVRI and II:
R0a2 Italy - 1
R0a2 Kuwait - 1
R0a2 Qatar - 1
R0a2 Romania 1
R0a2 Saudi Arabia - 1
but, being the Geno 2.0 test limited to a few SNPs and equivocal, because it doesn't say the strand of reading, the FTDNA can only have caught the mutations in HVRI of T16126C and T16362C, thus the links above have no meaning.
Thus, if it will be demonstrated that Leonardo's mother was a slave from Middle East or Eastern Europe, we opt better from Eastern Europe, perhaps regions around the Black Sea, seen also the Leonardo's figure, who was completely of European looking.

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